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Forts, Light houses and bridges

Forts, Light houses and bridges

With the onset of Colonial rule, many European styled forts and fortifications were constructed in the country, mostly in and around the coastal areas, with each ensuing power capturing and expanding over the existing stronghold. Sri Lanka is home to 37 Forts situated across the country, with the most famed of them being the UNESCO World Heritage recognized Galle situated on the southwest coast of Sri Lanka. The Fort built in 1588 by the Portuguese and later extensively fortified by the Dutch during the 17th century. This well-preserved Dutch Fort with its impressive gateways, ramparts, bastions, Dutch Reformed Church, great warehouse, old Dutch hospital, lighthouse, clock tower, houses with gables and the oldest Breadfruit tree in the country is considered an archaeological, historical and architectural masterpiece.   Sri Lanka possesses 25 lighthouses found around the coast, all of them British infrastructure feats. Today 16 of them are still active of which the Beruwala (Barberyn) Lighthouse (34m), Dondra Head Lighthouse, Little Basses Reef Lighthouse (37m) and the Great Basses Reef Lighthouse (37m) are recognized as international lighthouses. Sri Lanka is indeed privileged to have more British engineered wonders by way of aesthetically constructed bridges. Of them the three-arched bridge over the Mahaweli River in Kandy originally erected in 1860, the Victoria Bridge in the suburbs of Colombo with the Nine Arch Bridge between the Ella and Demodara Railway stations in the Uva Province being the most impressive and inspiring. The Nine-Arch Bridge the largest in the country stands imposingly at a towering height of 99.6 ft. and 3100 feet above sea level. The noteworthy feature of this bridge is that it has been built completely of rock, bricks and cement sans any steel.

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